Carlson, Joseph, Martin J. Savage, Richard Gerber, Katie Antypas, Deborah Bard, Richard Coffey, Eli Dart, et al. 2017. “Nuclear Physics Exascale Requirements Review: An Office of Science Review Sponsored Jointly by Advanced Scientific Computing Research and Nuclear Physics, June 15 – 17, 2016, Gaithersburg, Maryland”. United States. doi:10.2172/1369223. http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1369223.
Available for download: Four-page NP report summary
Imagine being able to predict — with unprecedented accuracy and precision — the structure of the proton and neutron, and the forces between them, directly from the dynamics of quarks and gluons, and then using this information in calculations of the structure and reactions of atomic nuclei and of the properties of dense neutron stars (NSs). Also imagine discovering new and exotic states of matter, and new laws of nature, by being able to collect more experimental data than we dream possible today, analyzing it in real time to feed back into an experiment, and curating the data with full tracking capabilities and with fully distributed data mining capabilities. Making this vision a reality would improve basic scientific understanding, enabling us to precisely calculate, for example, the spectrum of gravity waves emitted during NS coalescence, and would have important societal applications in nuclear energy research, stockpile stewardship, and other areas. This review presents the components and characteristics of the exascale computing ecosystems necessary to realize this vision.